Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Most people infected with the virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. However, some will become seriously ill and require medical attention. Older people and those with underlying medical. Indiana's Novel Coronavirus Response. On March 6, 2020, the state Department of Health confirmed Indiana's first case of COVID-19, a novel respiratory virus first identified in Wuhan, China, in late 2019 that became a global pandemic. On March 16, the Department of Health reported the first death in Indiana due to COVID-19. Sanya in Hainan province on Sunday accounted for more than half of the mainland's latest Covid-19 infections. According to the National Health Commission, the resort town reported 186 locally.